Archives pour la catégorie Reflexions

FLORE INTESTINALE ET COMPORTEMENT

Il m’arrive de relayer une information que je lis et qui me touche particulièrement, qui confirme ou me fait avancer dans ma réflexion sur l’alimentation l’allergie, la naissance, l’allaitement, la petite enfance … des sujets fort vastes et qui parfois de façon surprenante semblent s’entremêler. C’est le cas avec l’article que je relaye aujourd’hui.

 

FLORE INTESTINALE ET COMPORTEMENT :
L’importance d’une naissance naturelle (voie basse) et d’un allaitement naturel (sein)
Les neurotransmetteurs déterminent notre personnalité
Un autre domaine passionnant explore le rôle des bactéries intestinales et leur action sur les neurotransmetteurs, messagers chimiques de l’organisme.
Le foetus n’a pas de flore bactérienne propre, il vit sur celle de sa mère. Son premier essaimage a lieu au moment de sa naissance, grâce à la flore vaginale de sa maman puis aux bactéries qu’il respire. C’est cette flore primaire qui crée son milieu bactérien pour la vie entière. Une flore secondaire la complète au contact du sein de la maman, au moment des tétées. Si l’enfant n’a pas bénéficié de ces deux essaimages, sa flore sera déficiente et lui sera toute sa vie plus fragile, plus sensible aux allergies par exemple, mais aussi à de nombreuses pathologies.
Or c’est dans les intestins qu’on fabrique 70 % des neurotransmetteurs. Une flore défectueuse engendre forcément un déséquilibre entre ceux qui stimulent (adrénaline, dopamine, acétylcholine) et ceux qui apaisent (sérotonine, GABa).
Lorsqu’on sait que les neurotransmetteurs contribuent, entre autres, à façonner notre comportement, on comprend que leur déséquilibre influence profondément notre personnalité.
Les recherches en cours mettent ainsi en évidence l’influence de l’alimentation sur l’équilibre de notre flore intestinale, et donc sur notre comportement. Il est démontré qu’une malabsorption du fructose ou du lactose, ou encore qu’une flore méthanogène favorise la dépression. Un excès de polyamines (parfois rattaché à un excès protéique) favorise les douleurs, l’anxiété et les troubles de la coordination ou du comportement compulsif. Il faut rester attentif à la valeur de nos pulsions alimentaires qui sont révélatrices d’un dysfonctionnement aussi bien physiologique que psychologique.

 

pour plus d’information : (.pdf)
Flore intestinale et Comportement

Allergie ? et du côté des mamans ?? (article en anglais)

Cet article a été rédigé par AllergyMoms je l’ai trouvé tellement intéressant pour continuer à réfléchir que du coup je le reporte ici. Si votre anglais est très rouillé laissez-moi un commentaire j’éditerai pour traduire.

From Stressing to Blessing: Shocking Levels of Stress in Food Allergy Moms

par AllergyMoms, samedi 29 septembre 2012, 17:52 ·

From Stressing to Blessing

 

Psychologist Rebecca Knibb conducts research into issues related to food allergy and intolerance, specifically looking at psychological distress, quality of life (QoL) and coping in children and parents.

Dr. Knibb was kind enough to share her expertise with us in the following interview.

Gina Clowes: Dr. Knibb, thank you so much for taking the time to answer our questions. We don’t see nearly enough research on the psychological burden of food allergies on families. And I know you’ve had a particular focus on mothers, who often bear the brunt of responsibility for helping the entire family acclimate to life with food allergies.

So, how stressed are allergy moms? Would you elaborate on the « shocking » levels of stress?

Dr. Rebecca Knibb: Stress levels found in mothers is very high, higher than the norm levels for healthy females with no children with a chronic illness. The levels are also higher than seen in samples of people with very stressful jobs such as inner city policeman or Accident and Emergency nurses.

GC: One of the hardest parts of my job is talking with mothers following their child’s anaphylactic reaction. It is a very stressful event and some moms are left with little support from friends or family. Had they experienced a car accident, most everyone could relate. But in these cases, if the child is alive and well, in the next day or two, the whole family is expected to just carry on as if nothing happened. But some parents don’t feel able to to do so.

Do you have any advice for children and families to heal after the trauma of a life-threatening reaction?

RK: This is a very difficult one. I think support here is very important from people who have gone through the same experience. It is hard for people who know little about allergy to understand how frightening this experience can be for people. I think organizations such as the one you run is invaluable for providing support like this. Sometimes the consequences of experiencing a life-threatening reaction such as heightened anxiety and estimation of risk resolve over time as the allergy is well managed. However, sometimes the anxiety can be long lasting and here the person may need further help. Things such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy may be able to help with lowering that anxiety and providing better coping strategies for it.

GC: You mention patients with a « strong illness identity » throughout your work. For example: « A strong illness identity and emotional representations of the allergy were associated with higher levels of psychological distress; as were less adaptive coping strategies such as focusing on and venting of emotions. » Would you explain what this means and why a strong illness identity is associated with more psychological distress?

RK: A « strong illness identity » merely means the person is suffering from more symptoms, in this case to the allergen. So it isn’t surprising really that someone with more symptoms suffers from more psychological distress.

GC: Would you explain how or why strong personal control beliefs, and adaptive coping strategies such as positive reinterpretation were associated with lower levels of distress?

RK: Here the control beliefs are the belief that you have control over your allergy. This really goes hand in hand with treatment control, so if you feel you have a treatment that helps, you will have lower levels of distress. This is fine for things like hay fever, not so good for food allergy where this no treatment other than avoidance. Developing an understanding of your allergy and the view that you are in control of the management of that allergy should be encouraged.

Positive reinterpretation is an adaptive coping strategy where you look at the positive side of the things that may cause you stress. So seeing the positive side of things rather than the negative may help. However this is not something that can be taught as such, and sometimes comes down to the disposition of the personality and being more of an optimist. But it is an outlook that could be encouraged.

GC: So, did you find that when a child was coping well, his parent/s were also?

RK: I think it is the other way round really. If the parents cope well, this behavior is learned by the child. Children are very perceptive and learn vicariously, i.e. they learn by watching how parents react to situations. If a parent is very anxious, the child tends to be anxious also.

GC: Do mothers typically overestimate the impact that peanut allergy or food allergies have on their childrens quality of life?

RK: Yes they do, but this may be because they have more of a realistic understanding of the burden of allergy as they may do all the cooking, reading food labels etc.

GC: Is a mother’s quality of life affected more by food allergies than the father’s or the child’s?

Mother’s quality of life tends to be affected more than fathers but I would not say they are affected more than their child other than for the reason above regarding them taking on the burden of looking after the child with the allergen. It could also compromise quality of life regarding family activities, social lives, family holidays, eating out etc.

GC: How exactly does it affect them?

RK: This we do not know yet. Obviously it affects their quality of life and we do know that chronic stress can lead to poorer physical health outcomes and put you at greater risk for conditions such as coronary heart disease. It can also mean you are more susceptible to getting minor infections such as a cold, and can lead to longer recovery times. Stress can have a large affect on our physiology. This needs to be looked at more closely in those who care for children with food allergy.

GC: What can help?

RK: Be informed, get as much accurate information as possible regarding management and share the responsibility. Get fathers to help with this and get the child involved as much as possible in doing things like reading food labels and cooking. Learning by experience that their child can lead a pretty normal life and not have a bad reaction will slowly reduce anxiety levels. Getting positive feedback this way is a much more powerful way of reducing anxiety and stress than any other method.

GC: Are the mothers who are more stressed those who have children with more severe allergies or multiple allergies ?

RK: Having more than one allergy or to multiple foods certainly has a bigger impact, yes. Some studies have found that more severe reactions also lead to a bigger impact on QoL and others have not.

GC: How can we help these families cope?

RK: This is answered above really regarding trying to lead as normal a life as possible and try not to let allergy rule your life. The more you are able to do and the more you can help your child to do for themselves, the less anxious you and your child will be.

GC: How can we help our children be more resilient and less anxious?

They learn from us as parents and so if we are less anxious and more relaxed, they will be too. As above, get them involved as much as possible so they are not scared of the unknown. Often children are much more capable than we give them credit for.

GC: How can parents explain severe allergies to a child in a light that will foster coping and resilience rather than psychological distress?

RK: Be honest and give as much accurate information as possible, without overestimating the risk. And get them involved, so they can learn by experience. We are working at the moment on preparing age relevant educational material for food allergy and hope to be able to provide more guidance on this soon.

GC: What characteristics do you see among those who are coping well with food allergies?

RK: Those who do not let it rule their lives but find a way to do things every family likes to do, such as eating out, going on holiday etc, letting their child go on school trips, staying over at friends. Those that involve their children in managing their allergy rather than trying to do everything for them tend to be those that cope better.

GC: What characteristics do you see among children who are depressed or anxious?

RK: Only a few children tend to be very anxious and usually it is because one or more parents are very frightened about the allergy diagnosis and do not feel able to let their child lead a ‘normal’ life. Depression is even rarer in children.

GC: That is good to hear. Are there gender difference in how children or adults cope with food allergies?

RK: Definitely, we are seeing this more and more. Girls tend to report a higher impact on their QoL and have higher anxiety than boys. But often this might be because boys (and men) are less likely to tell you they are anxious!

GC: Is there anything else that you’d like to share?

RK: There are 1,000s of scientists all over the world conducting research with the sole aim of helping people with allergy and their families to live better lives. Just last week I was giving a talk at the European Congress for Allergy and there were over 8,000 delegates there. New discoveries, treatments and ways to improve quality of life are being made all the time and we will do our best to get this information out to the people who matter.

GC: Thank you so much Dr. Knibb for taking the time to share with us. We will be looking forward to hearing more from you in the future. Copyright  AllergyMoms LLC All Rights Reserved. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

42-17073705 Stressed Businesswoman — Image by © Royalty-Free/Corbis © Corbis. All Rights Reserved.

Petite enfance et allaitement maternel

Par mes expériences passées de bénévolat auprès d’association de soutien à la parentalité, j’ai abordé pendant presque 8 ans la question du choix d’alimentation pour le nouveau né, le nourrisson, le bébé, le bambin, l’augmentation du bol alimentaire avec l’introduction d’une diversification, la prévention aux allergies…

Mais c’était à titre bénévole. J’ai abordé certains de ces thèmes professionnellement quand j’ai travaillé en tant qu’Assistante Maternelle (en Crèche Familiale par choix). Mais en collectivité je m’en rends bien compte les règles « familiales » ne peuvent s’appliquer, s’ajuster réellement à la façon dont le parent fait avec l’enfant est très difficile, et parfois carrément pas possible pour des raisons variable (plus grosse journée, journée difficile pour les enfants, plus grand nombre, absence d’un/une professionnel(le), règlementation de l’hygiène en collectivité…

J’ai donc souhaité aujourd’hui refaire le point sur les différentes sources, tellement le grand écart entre les uns et les autres est important.
Professionnellement je ne retiendrai que la version officielle de l’INPES, même si mon expérience personnelle, bénévole sur près de 10 années m’ont montré que ces recommandations ne sont pas QUE drastiques, elles ignorent parfois purement et simplement le travail les études, les recherches d’autres pays, ou d’autres laboratoires.

voilà donc des liens vers des documents officiels

PNNS Allaitement maternel
PNNS allergies alimentaires et prévention
AFSSA recommandations prep et conservation du lait maternel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recueillir Conserver Transporter le lait maternel à usage des familles. AFSSA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Et voici des pages d’associations :

La Leche League (reconnue d’intérêt général depuis 2001) :

Actualité : étude sur la maladie cœliaque et la dépression chez la femme

dans l’article en lien, il est traité des interconnections entre dépression trouble alimentaire et maladie cœliaque chez la femme.

J’apprécie tout particulièrement ce genre d’article pour qu’on sache que la mal-tolérance ne se traduit pas QUE par des symptômes visibles quantifiables palpables tangibles, (maux de ventre et altération du transit) … mais bien que l’absorption alimentaire est tellement différente que la chimie du cerveau en est également altérée… et entraîne des mal-êtres, des dépressions…

Oui ce que nous mangeons influence notre santé à tous les niveaux y compris notre équilibre mental 🙂
Plus le régime d’éviction est bien mené mieux on se sent c’est évident 🙂
et voici le lien vers l’article : http://tinyurl.com/72uw6jk
(ça me fait penser aux travaux sur l’éviction de gluten et de caséine pour les personnes à tendance autistiques)

Si l’article du site venait à ne plus être consultable en ligne voici un .pdf de cet article « CLIC »

 

Ma route continue …. je ne suis plus Ass Mat … mais je redeviens étudiante (CAP PE)

Voilà ma route continue, je viens de quitter ma crèche Familiale, nous sommes partis du 77 pour rejoindre notre région d’origine le Nord.
à la suite d’une non-embauche, j’ai l’opportunité de continuer ma formation dans la petite enfance, alors je continue … je passe cette année 2011-2012 le concours CAP-Petite Enfance, et par la suite en 2012-2013 je compte bien décrocher EJE en VAE.
je continue tous les jours d’expérimenter de nouvelles recettes, déjà crées, améliorée ou de pures invention, j’aime partager mes trouvailles … alors je continue ce blog avec plaisir.
une section « forum » pour le CAP sera ouverte, très temporairement, mais ne sera pas ostentatoire, un espace de tchat ne sera pas non plus pérène…
en revanche je vais réfléchir à comment intégrer un espace de forum pour discuter avec vous autrement 🙂